Although English is not as old as Chinese, it is spoken by many people around the world every day. English speakers are always creating(创造) new words, and we are often able to know where most words come from.
Sometimes , however, no one may really know where a word comes from. Did you ever think about why hamburgers(汉堡包) are called hamburgers, especially when they are not made with ham(火腿)? About a hundred years ago, some men went to America from Europe. They came from a big city in Germany called Hamburg. They did not speak good English, but they ate good food. When some Americans saw them eating round pieces of beef(牛肉), they asked the Germans what it was. The Germans did not understand the question and answered, “We come from Hamburg.” One of these Americans owned a restaurant, and had an idea. He cooked some round pieces of beef like those which the men from Hamburg ate. Then he put each between two pieces of bread and started selling them. Such bread came to be called “hamburgers”. Today “hamburgers” are sold in many countries around the world.
Whether this story is true or not, it certainly is interesting. Knowing why any word has a certain meaning is interesting. too. This reason, for most English words, can be found in any large English dictionary.
1. According to the writer, English is .
A. as old as Chinese B. older than German
C. not so old as Chinese D. very difficult to learn
2. Hamburg is .
A. a kind of food B. a round piece of beef
C. the name of a village D. a city in Germany
3. According to the story, .
A. few Americans like hamburgers B. hamburgers are made with beef
C. hamburgers are made with ham D. hamburgers were first sold about a century ago
4. According to the writer, which of the following can often be found in any large English dictionary?
A. Where all the new words come from
B. Where those Germans came from
C. The reason why a word has a certain meaning
D. The reason why English is spoken around the world
5. According to the story, the word “hamburger” comes from .
A. China because it has a long history
B. England because Germans don’t speak good English
C. the round pieces of beef which those people from Hamburg were eating
D. English speakers because they always create new words
In 1933 an unknown American called Clarence Nash went to see the filmmaker Walt Disney. He had an unusual voice and he wanted to work in Disney’s cartoon(动画片) film for children. When Walt Disney heard Nash’s voice, he said “Stop! That’s our duck!”
The duck was the now-famous Donald Duck, who first appeared in 1934 in the film The Wise Little Hen. Donald lived in an old houseboat(水上住家) and wore his sailor jacket and hat. Later that year he became a star after an eight-minute Mickey Mouse film. The cinema audience liked him because he was lazy and greedy(贪婪的), and because he lost his temper(发脾气) very quickly . And they loved his voice when he became angry with Mickey’s eight nephews(侄子). Soon Donald was more popular than Mickey Mouse himself, probably because he wasn’t a goody-goody like Mickey.
In the 1930S,’ 40s and ‘50s Donald and hid friends Mickey , Goofy and Pluto made hundreds of Disney cartoons. He also made educational films about the place of the USA in the world, and safety in the home. Then in 1966 Donald Duck and his voice disappeared---there were no more new cartoons.
Clarence Nash died in February, 1985. But today’s children can still see the old cartoons on television and hear that famous voice.
1. Who made Donald Duck film?
A. Mickey Mouse B. Clarence Nash C. Walt Disney D. Pluto
2. When was the first Donald Duck film made?
A.In 1933 B. In 1934 C. In 1966 D. In 1930
3. Who was Clarence Nash?
A. A cartoonist B. Donald Duck’s voice C. A film-maker D. A film star
4. Where do today’s children see Donald Duck?
A. In new film B. At the cinema C. On television D. At concerts
5. The underlined word audience in the second paragraph means .
A. reads B.formal interview C. law freedom D. the people who watch a film at a cinema
6. The underlined word goody-goody in the second paragraph means a person who .
A. likes to appear to be faultless in behaviour
B. who likes to appear to be faulty in behaviour
C. dislikes to appear to be faultless in behaviour
D. dislikes to be faulty in behaviour
在20世纪30年代，40年代和50年代，唐纳德和隐藏的朋友米奇，愚蠢和冥王星制作了数百种迪斯尼漫画。他还制作了关于美国在世界的地方和家庭安全的教育电影。然后在1966年唐老鸭和他的声音消失了 - 没有更多的新漫画。
A.米老鼠B. Clarence Nash C.华特迪斯尼D.冥王星
更多河南专升本考试信息、河南专升本考试分数线、河南专升本考试时间，河南专升本考试报名时间，河南专升本考试复习指导等信息，请随时关注天一专升本官网： www.kst365.com查看， 也可拨打400-698-2166咨询 ，关于河南专升本的问题请随时咨询我们的企业 QQ：400-698-2166。