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2015年河南专升本专业英语完型填空

 完型填空20分的分值,但往往大家的得分很低。考生在做题的时候,往往会后答这道题,没有时间来思考,直接涂答案,因为完型很浪费时间,甚至要来回阅读好几遍才将所有的答案确定,下面是天一小编给大家整理的专业英语完型填空,考生可认真做一做。

    Part III Cloze (20 points)

  Directions: there are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage and mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET

  “Long time no see” is a vary interesting sentence .When I first read this sentence from an American friend’s e-mail, I laughed it was a perfect    1    of Chingfish.

  Obviously, it is a word-by-word literal translation of the Chinese greetings with a   2 _ English grammar and structure! Later on, my friend told me that it was a standard American    3         , I was too thrilled to believe her. Her words could not      4     me at all. So I did a      5     on google .com. To my surprise, there are over 60 thousand web pages     6     “Long times no see.” This sentence has been     7     used in e-mails, letters, newspapers, movies, books, or any other possible place. Though it is     8     informal, it is part of the language that Americans use daily.     9    , if you type this phrase in Microsoft Word, the     10    will tell you that the grammar needs to be corrected.

  Nobody knows the     11     of this Chinglish sentence. Some people believe that it came from Charlie Chan’s movies. In the 1930s, Hollywood moviemakers successfully      12     a world-wide famous Chinese detective named “Charlie Chan” on wide screens. Detective Chan liked to teach Americans some Chinese wisdom     13    quoting Confucius. “Long times no see” was his trademark. Soon after Charlie Chan, “Long time no see” became a    14     phrase in the real world    15    the popularity of these movies .

  Some people    16     America to a huge melting pot. All kinds of culture are     17    in the pot together, and they    18     the color and taste of each other. American Chinese, though a minority ethnic group in the United States, is also    19    some changes to the stew . Language is usually the first thing to be     20     in the mixed pot.

  1.A. example    B. sign      C. word      D. change

  2.A. damaged   B. perfected   C. learned    D. ruined

  3.A. custom     B. greeting      C. habit      D. proverb

  4.A. feel           B. encourage   C. convince    D. believe

  5.A. job       B. reasearch        C. survey        D. search

  6.A. containing        B. printing          C. publishing         D. expressing

  7.A. widely          B. hardly         C. seldom        D. deeply

  8.A. lot of             B. plenty of         C. lots of        D. sort of

  9.A. unfortunately        B. Luckily          C. Ironically       D. Suddenly

  10.A. hardware              B. software           C. operator         D. speaker

  11.A. use         B. origin         C. expression      D. meaning

  12.A. created          B. published       C. did        D. discovered

  13.A. by          B. in           C. with         D. of

  14.A. ordinary           B. rare          C. modern      D. popular

  15.A. in spite of       B. as to        C. thanks to        D. but for

  16.A. compare               B. add         C. join       D. owe

  17.A. joined           B. mixed           C. compiled       D. done

  18.A. improve        B. change            C. lower          D. promote

  19.A. owing         B. putting              C. taking           D. contributing

  20.A. influenced          B. mentioned            C. used              D. considered

  答案:

  1.【精析】A 词义辨析题。前两句提到作者在一个美国朋友的邮件中看到了“Long time no see”这句话,觉得很有意思,认为这是一个很电信的中国式英语的例子,所以选example。例子:sign:标志,标记;word:单词;change:改变,都不合文义。

  2.【精析】D 逻辑推理题。根据文义很明显“Long time no see”在语法结构上不符合英语习惯,所以作者认为这是一个“很糟糕的”(ruined)用法,故选ruined。damaged:破坏的;perfected:完美的;learned:博学的,均不合语境。

  3.【精析】B 逻辑推理题。根据上文“Obviously, it is word-by-word literal translation of the Chinese greetings”的提示课推断,这是一个标准的美国问候语。

  4.【精析】C 词义辨析题。她的话不能是我信服。convince是

  5.【精析】D 词义辨析题。job:工作;research:研究;survey:调查;search:搜索。此处指在google.com上搜索、查找,故选search。

  6.【精析】A 词义辨析题。contain:包含;print:印刷;publish:出版;express:表达。“有6万多个网页包含了Long time no see 这个短语”,所以选containing 。

  7.【精析】A 逻辑推理题。由前一句所提到的“6万多个网页包含了Long time no see 这个短语” 可知它应该是广泛使用,所以选widely.

  8. 【精析】 D 词义解析题。lot of 此搭配不正确;plenty of 和 lots of 均意为“许多,大量”,sort of:有点,有几分,此处用sort of 更符合语境。

  9.【精析】C 逻辑推理题。Ironically 有“具有讽刺意味的是”之意。前面讲到这个问候语使用广泛,而Word 软件却把它当作一个错误的句子来处理,前后意义转折。

  10.【精析】B 逻辑推理题。很显然。Microsoft Word 是一个软件,故选software 。

  11.【精析】B 逻辑推理题。Use:用法,使用;origin:来源;expression :表达;meaning:意思。从后面的“came from” 可以推断,前一句话的意思是 “无人知道这个短语的来历”。

  12.【精析】A 词义辨析题。Create 在此是“塑造(电影、文学形象)”之意。其他三项均不合文义。

  13.【精析】A 词语搭配题。此处指“Chan 侦探喜欢通过引用孔夫子的话来教美国人中国俗语”,by表示方式,意为“通过........途径”,故选A。

  14.【精析】D 逻辑推理题。这些电影放映后不久,“Long time no see”在美国成了一个流行词语。故选popular。

  15.【精析】C 词义辨析题。in spite of:尽管;as to :关于,根据;thanks to :多亏,由于;but for:要不是。此句意为:由于这些电影的流行,“Long time no see”在美国成了一个流行词语。故选thanks to 。

  16.【精析】A 词语搭配题。有些人将美国比作一个大熔炉。Compare...to...意为“把.....比作.....”,符合语境。

  17.【精析】B 词义辨析题。上文提到 “美国被比作一个大熔炉(melting pot)”,s所以所有的文化在这个大熔炉里混合,故应选mixed。

  18.【精析】B 逻辑推理题。“人们在这个大熔炉里彼此间都进行着改变(change)”故B项更合语境。

  19.【精析】D 词语搭配题。Contribute sth. to sth . 意为“为某事贡献出了某物”,为固定搭配,此处指“尽管美籍华人是美国很小的一部分,但他们也对这个大熔炉起到了一定的影响”。故选D。

  20.【精析】A 词义辨析题。influence:影响;mention:提到;use:使用;consider:考虑。在这个多元文化的大熔炉里,语言通常是第一受到影响的。故选influence。




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