Part I Vocabulary and structure (1×40)
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentences, and then write the choice on the Answer Sheet.
1.You should be able to _____right from wrong.
A.perceive B.distinguish C.sight D.observe
2.Any student who____ his homework is unlikely to pass the examination.
A.reduces B.offends C.practices D.neglects
3.I promised to look ______the matter as soon as I got there.
A.for B.in C. into D.after
4. Your sister has made an_______ for you to see the dentist at 3 this afternoon.
A. appointment B.interview C.opportunity D.assignment
5. The committee is expected to _____a decision this evening.
A.reach B.arrive C.bring D.take
6. He spoke so quickly that I didn’t _____what he said.
A.make for B.make sure C.make over D.make out
7. I wrote it down _____ I should forget it.
A.in case B.in case of C.in order that D.for fear of
8. It is not that I do not like plays. The reason why I did not go to the theater last night was that I could not ______ the time.
A.offer B. leave C.afford D.manage
9. The chemical factory was demolished ______ protecting the environment.
A. in spite of B.in honor of C.in favor of D.in the name of
10.After a three-hour heated discussion，all the members in the jury reached the conclusion that the man was______ of murder.
A.criminal B.charged C.guilty D.faulty
11. Having finished the letter, he ______ it carefully and sealed the envelop with a kiss.
A.folded B.bent C.turned D.curved
12. Last year ______of new books were published on environmental protection.
A.the hundred B.hundreds C.a hundred D.one hundred
13.Literature and art have a great influence ______people’s ideology.
A.to B.on C.for D.onto
14.Just as a married man cannot leave his work, a poor man cannot_______ to get sick.
A.have B.go C.expect D.afford
15. _______,we keep records on all the experiments so that we may have enough data.
A. As a whole B.As a rule C.On the average D.By all means
【解析】distinguish right from wrong的意思是“分清是非”，是固定搭配。所以B是正确答案。A的意思是“感觉、觉察”，C的意思是“看到、发现D的意思是“观察”，均不符合题意。
【解析】本句的意思是: 任何做作业不认真的同学都不可能通过考试。 A的意思是“减少、缩小”，B的意思是“冒犯、得罪”，C的意思是“练习”，D的意思是“疏忽、玩忽”，所以只有D符合题意。
【解析】look into:调查;look for:寻找。例如:Will you help me look for my gloves?(你能帮我寻找我的手套吗?) look in:朝里面看。例如:I looked in my purse and discovered I' d only got a five pound note.(我朝钱包里一看，发现只有一张五英镑的钞票。)look after;照顾、照看。例如:He has looked after his elderly parents for many years.(他照料年迈的父母已经多年了。)本句的意思是: 我保证一到那儿就调查这件事情。因此C正确。
【解析】appointment:约会、约定。make(或fix) an appointment的意思是“预约”是固定搭配。interview:面试;opportunity:机会;assignment:工作.任务。
【精析】习惯上说:come to a decision, arrive at a decision, reach a decision，意思都是“做出决定”。
6. 【答案】 D
【解析】make out有“辨认出、听出”的意思。例如:It was difficult to make out what was said over the loudspeaker in the square.(很难听清楚广场上的扩音喇叭里在说什么。) make for:走向，朝……前进。例如:It's late. We' d better make for home:(时间不早了，我们好赶快回家。)Make for the beach !(向海滩前进!)make sure:设法保证。例如:He went round making sure that all the windows were closed.(他巡视了一遍，看看所有的窗户是否都已关上。) make over:翻新，改造。例如:The house has been made over into a school(这座房屋已经被改造成一所学校。)Human nature can ' t be made over so easily.(人性并非那么容易改变的。)
【解析】in case:(连词)免得，以防。本句的意思是：我写了下来，以免忘了。例如:Keep the window closed in case it rains.(把窗子关好，以防下雨。)in case of： (介词短语)假如，如果发生。例如:In case of fire, ring the alarm bell.(如遇火警，立即按铃。) in order that：(连词，引导目的状语从句)为了……。例如:In order that he should not be late , his mother woke him at 6.(为了使他不迟到，他母亲在6点钟叫醒他。) for fear of (介词短语)生怕。例如:She left an hour earlier for fear of missing her train:(她提早一小时离开，以免误了火车。)
【解析】afford:(常接在can , be able to后面)买得起，负担得起(损失、费用)。例如:He is not rich enough to afford a car.(他并不太富有，还买不起汽车。)Can you afford the time?(你能抽得出时间吗?)
【解析】in the name of:用……的名义，代表……本句的意思是：以保护环境的名义，这个化工厂被拆除了。 例如:open an account in the name of John Smith(用约翰·史密斯的名字开户)。in spite of:不顾，不管。例如:In spite of what you say, I still believe he is honest.(不管你说什么，我还是相信他是诚实的。) in honor of 为了向……表示敬意，为了纪念...例如:They gave a banquet in honor of the delegation.(他们设宴招待代表团。) in favour of:赞同，支持。例如:He refused a job in government in favour of a university appointment.(他拒绝了政府部门的工作而选择了大学的一个职位。)
【解析】be guilty of:有罪的，有过失的。be found guilty of murder:被判犯有谋杀罪。charge(动词)控告，指责。charge sb with murder指控某人犯有谋杀罪。criminal ;(罪犯;faulty:有错误的，有缺点的。因此C符合题意。