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2017河南专升本英语阅读理解题失分原因?

来源:http://www.kst365.com 发布时间:2017-01-11

大家每天都在复习英语,都在不停的做题,而且阅读理解题做的也不少,那么大家把阅读理解训练题都给掌握了吗?如果大家能够做一篇阅读理解题,而且大部分题都做对的话,恭喜你可以进入下一个题型进行训练了。如果错的话想想为什么每次出错的原因,找到解题的正确方法,让英语阅读理解提升一个阶梯。

  历年真题练习:

  Researchers have found that REM (rapid eye movement) sleep is important to human beings. This type of sleep generally occurs four or five times during one night of sleep lasting five minutes to forty minutes for each occurrence. The deeper a person’s sleep becomes, the longer the periods of rapid eye movement.

  There are physical changes in the body to show that a person has changed from NREM (non-rapid eye movement) to REM sleep. Breathing becomes faster, the heart rate increases, and, as the name implies, the eyes begin to move quickly.

  Accompanying these physical changes in the body is a very important characteristic of REM sleep. It is during REM sleep that a person dreams.

  1. According to the passage, how often does REM sleep occur in one night?

  A. Once B. Twice

  C. Four of five times D. Forty times

  2. The word “deeper” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

  A. heavier B. louder C. stronger D. happier

  3. Which of the following shows that a person is NOT dreaming in his sleep?

  A. His eyes begin to move. B. His breathing becomes faster.

  C. His heart rate increases. D. His eyes stop moving.

  4. The subject of this passage is ________.

  A. why people sleep B. the human need for REM sleep

  C. the characteristic of REM sleep D. physical changes in the human body

  5. Which of the following is the best title of the article?

  A. REM Sleep B. Two Types of Sleep

  C. Sleepers D. What Happens to Sleepers

  【标准答案和解析】

  1. C. 细节题。定位到文章第一段第二句可以知道是原词再现,所以答案选C。

  2. A. 词义题。从文章中可以知道,人睡得越熟,快速眼部运动的时间就持续得越久。那么可以知道这里的deeper是表示程度很深,所以答案选A。

  3. D. 细节题。定位到第二段第二句可以知道A,B,C都是文章中提到的,只有D眼睛会停止运动肯定是不对的。所以答案选D。

  4. C. 主旨题。A选项说人们为什么睡觉,文章没有讲原因,不正确。B选项说人类需要REM睡眠,也不正确。C选项说REM睡眠的特征,正是文章全篇所探讨的,正确。D选项说人类身体发生的物理变化,跟文章主旨无关,不正确。所以答案选C。

  5. A. 主旨题。根据文章开头第一句主旨句可以知道,文章主要就是在阐述REM睡眠,而A选项就是REM睡眠情况,所以答案选A。

  【译文】

  研究者发现REM(快速眼部运动)睡眠对人类来说是重要的。这种睡眠类型每夜主要发生4到5次,每次持续5到40分钟。人睡得越熟,快速眼部运动的周期就越长。

  人体内会存在一些物理变化来表征一个人从NREM(非快速眼部运动)到REM睡眠。比如像呼吸加快,心率增加,还有正如REM这个名字所含义的,眼睛也会加快运动。

  这些伴随着身体发生的物理变化正是REM睡眠的一个重要的特征。在REM睡眠期间人们会做梦。


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