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2018河南专升本英语谓语与非谓语的区别所在

  天一专升本小编给大家整理了2018河南专升本英语谓语与非谓语区别,有的考生对这两个词不能准确的运用,下面天一小编就给大家整理了这两个词区别所在,希望对考生有帮助。

  一、A majority of those questioned believed women had a more modern outlook on their profession and were more open-minded and considerate.

  解析

  这个句子中出现了questioned,believed和had, were四个动词,但是我们要找准谓语

  had和were的主语是women

  questioned 和believed 必定有一个是谓语,前面的主语是those, 假如questioned是谓语,那么宾语就成为believed women,很显然没有这样的用法。因此,believed才应该是谓语动词。

  ①句子主干:A majority of those believed....

  ②women had a more modern outlook on their profession and were more open-minded and considerate充当believed的宾语从句

  ③questioned充当those的后置定语

  故句子断句如下:A majority of those (questioned )believed women had a more modern outlook on their profession and were more open-minded and considerate.

  翻译:被询问的那些人中大部分人认为女人对她们的职业有更为现代化的观点,并且她们思维更加开明,人更加体贴。

  二、Those judged to be the easiest on the eye earned up to 10 per cent more than their less attractive friends and colleagues.

  解析

  这个句子中出现了judged和earned两个动词,哪一个是谓语呢?

  ①the easiest on the eye意为“一眼看上去舒服”

  ②Those judged to be the easiest on the eye意思是“那些人判断为一眼看上去做舒服”言外之意是“those”被别人判断为顺眼的人,既然是被别人判断,就应该使用被动语态“were judged”作谓语,然而这句话里并没有出现were, 说明judged在这里不是谓语,那么它只能是非谓语

  故句子断句如下:Those( judged to be the easiest on the eye) earned up to 10 per cent more than their less attractive friends and colleagues.

  翻译:那些被别人断定为具有眼缘的人要比那些长相平庸的朋友和同事多赚10%。

  通过以上两个句子,我们可以发现,只要找到句子的谓语,先学会断句,那么,接下来的语法分析也就顺理成章了。

  三、充当谓语的动词

  (1)be(系动词)She is a teacher. She looks young.

  (2)do(原形) We often eat chocolate.(一般现在时)

  (3)does(第三人称单数)He likes English.(一般现在时)

  (4)did(过去式)They worked in a factory.(一般过去时)

  (5)have/has/had done I have been to America.(完成时)

  (6)be doing He is reading.(主谓结构)(进行时)

  (7)be done(被动语态)The clock is being repaired.(包含所有时态和其他形式的被动语态)

  (8)情态动词+do I can work out this question.

  四、充当非谓语的动词

  (1)to do(不定式)

  I like (谓语)to read books(是动词,但是是非谓语)in the library.

  (2)doing(现在分词/动名词)

  I like(谓语) going swimming.(是动词,但是是非谓语).

  (3)done(过去分词)

  The painting created (动词,但是是非谓语)by my daughter sells(感官动词,充当谓语) good.

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