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专升本英语关键词句型

  在专升本考试中,英语是很多考生容易丢分的部分,在英语上容易拉开差距,下面是天一小编给大家整理的有关英语关键句型,考生可认真查看一下,希望对考生有帮助。

  1、“more than +动词”结构

  这种结构表示动词的程度,可译为“异常”,“岂止”,“十二分地”等。

  eg:This more than satisfied me.

  2、“good and …”的副词用法

  译为“非常”,“很”等。类似还有“nice and …”, “fine and …,” “lovely and …”, “bright and …”, “rare and …”, “big and …”等,均表示程度。

  eg:The apples are good and ripe.

  3、“and that”结构

  这个“and that”应译为“而且……”,表示对它前面陈述部分的语气加强,“that”代表前面的整个陈述部分。

  eg:Return to your work , and that at once.

  4、“at once…and”结构

  这个结构译为“既……又……”,起相关连接的作用,相当于“both…and…”。

  eg:The novel is at once pleasing and instructive.

  5、“in that…”结构

  这个结构的意思是“在那一点上(方面)”,可译为“因为”。类似的结构还有“in this…”。

  eg:The budget is unrealistic in that it disregards increased costs.

  6、“the name notwithstanding”结构

  这个结构中“notwithstanding”是介词,这个介词可以置前,可以置后,比如也可写成:“notwithstanding the name”。起让步状语的作用。

  eg:Some people think of the storage battery as a sort of condenser where electricity is stored.But this is an entirely wrong conception, the name notwithstanding.

  7、“Every…not”和“All…not”结构

  “Every…not”表示“不见得每个……都是……”;“All…not”表示“不见得所有……都是……”的意思。

  eg:Every man is not polite, and all are not born gentlemen.

  8、“may as well not…as”结构

  此结构可译为“与其……不如不……”。

  eg:One may as well not know a thing at all as know it but imperfectly.

  9、“have only to …do”结构

  此结构表示“只须(消)……就能……”的意思。

  eg:We have only to turn to that extraordinary discovery made by Edison to see the significance of it.

  10、“not (no) …unless…”句型

  eg:No increase in output can be expected unless a new assembly line is installed.

  11、“better…than…”句型

  eg:Better my life should be ended by their hate, than that hated life should be prolonged to live without your love.

  12、“as it were”

  是一个非常常用的插入语,意思是“好象”,“可以说”等。

  eg:Apiece of iron near a magnet, though apparently separate from it , feels, as it were, the threads of this attachment.

  13、复杂结构,在下面例句中,由于anyone的定语从句过长,把谓语must realize提到定语从句之前。

  eg:Though faith and confidence are surely more or lass foreign to my nature, I do not infrequently find myself looking to them to be able, diligent, candid, and even honest. Plainly enough, that is too large an order, as anyone must realize who reflects upon the manner in which they reach public office.

  14、“not…any more than…

  ”为:“不能……,正如不能……”。

  eg:One cannot learn to sketch and express himself graphically only by reading about it any more than one can learn to swim while standing by the pool.

  15、“By that as it may”

  是“Let it be that as it may”的省略形式,是由“be”引起的另外一种假设结构,意思是“虽然如此,尽管这样”。

  eg:It is said that the nerve poison is the more primitive of the two, that the blood poison is, so to speak, a new product from an improved formula. Be that as it may, the nerve poison does its business with man far more quickly than the blood poison.



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