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河南专升本英语考点词汇汇总

    专升本英语考试是拉分比较严重的一个学科,考生只有好好备考,才能取得一个好成绩。下面小编就给大家整理了有关英语考点词汇。请考生认真查看。

  2018年河南专升本英语考点词汇:

  1. able/ability/enable/unable/disable/disabled/disability

  able的同根词用法一致,后接不定式。

  比较:be able to do sth. / be capable of (doing) sth.

  2. 动词词缀:en-+ adj./n.或adj./n.+/-en

  enable/enlarge/enrich/encourage/brighten/widen/worsen/sharpen/strengthen/heighten/lengthen

  3. abandon vt. 放弃,抛弃,放纵

  abandon oneself to 纵情于,沉溺于(=be addicted to)

  4. aboard adv. 在船(车)上,上船

  abroad adv. 在国外,到国外

  board n. 木板 on board 在船上

  broad adj. 宽的,宽阔的

  5. absent adj. 不在的, 缺席的(反:present)

  6. absolute adj. 完全的, 绝对的

  7. absorb vt. 吸收, 吸引

  be absorbed in 全神贯注于

  8. abundant adj. 丰富的,大量的(=plentiful)

  9. access n. 通路, 接近,入门

  have access to 接近,有权使用

  e.g. Citizens may have free access to the public library.

  10. accident n. 意外事件, 事故

  by accident 偶然(=by chance)(on purpose 故意)

  11. accompany vt. 陪伴,陪同

  12. accomplish vt. 完成, 达到, 实现 ~ the task

  accomplishment n. 成就

  13. account n. 计算, 帐目, 说明,解释

  on account of 由于

  take... into account 考虑到(= take… into consideration)

  account for 解释,说明

  14. accuse vt. 指责,控告

  accuse sb. of sh. 因某事控告某人

  (同:charge sb. with sth. 因某事控告某

  人)

  e.g. He was accused of robbing the bank and sentenced ten yearsin jail.

  His mother charged him with being lazy.

  15. achieve vt. 完成, 达到

  achievement n. 成就, 功绩

  16. action n. 动作, 行动, 举动

  take action to do sth. 采取行动做某事(同:take measuresto do sth.)

  17. actor n. 男演员→ actress n. 女演员

  类似:waitress(女侍者,女服务生),hostess(女主人), princess(公主,王妃)

  18. adapt vt. 使适应, 改编

  adapt oneself to sth. 适应 (= adjustoneself to sth.)

  e.g. He adapted/adjusted himself very quickly to the weather inthe country.

  比较:adopt vt. 采用, 收养

  19. advance n. 前进, 提升 v. 前进, 提前

  in advance 预先,提前

  20. advantage n. 优势, 有利条件(反:disadvantage n. 不利条件, 缺点)

  have an advantage over 胜过,占优势

  take advantage of 利用

  21. advertise v. 为…做广告

  advertisement/ad n. 广告

  22. advise vt. 劝告, 忠告

  advise sb. to do sth. 劝说(强调动作)

  persuade sb. to do sth. 说服(强调结果)

  注意:advise的宾语从句或It is advisedthat结构的主语从句,需使用should型虚拟语气。

  advice n. 忠告, 建议

  23. afford vt. 买得起, 负担得起

  ~ sth. (a new car, vacation, etc.)

  ~ to do sth.

  24. agree vi. 同意, 赞成

  agree with sb.

  agree on sth. (经过讨论后)就…达成一致

  agree to sth. (plan, proposal, etc.)

  agreement n. 同意, 一致 in ~ with 与…一致

  disagree vi. 不一致,有分歧

  25. aim at 以…为目标,旨在

  26. allow vt. 允许 ~ sb. to do sth. (=permit sb. to dosth.)

  27. alternative n. 可供选择的办法,抉择

  have no ~ but to do 别无选择,只得…(= have nochoice but to do)

  比较:have nothing to do but do

  28. amaze/astonish/surprise/shock vt. 使吃惊

  ~ed ~ing

  29. ambition n. 野心, 雄心

  ambitious adj. 有雄心的, 野心勃勃的

  30. amuse vt. 娱乐,消遣 ~ment n.

  ~ sb. with sth. 用某物逗/取悦某人

  ~ oneself by doing sth. 做某事来消遣

  31. analyze vt. 分析, 分解 analysisanalyst

  32. ancient adj. 远古的,古代的~ times

  33. anniversary n. 周年纪念 twentieth ~

  annual adj. 每年的,年度的

  34. anxious adj. 焦虑的,担心的

  be ~ about/for sth. 对…感到忧虑

  be ~ to do sth. 渴望做某事(=be eager todo =long to do)

  anxiety n.

  35. apology n. 道歉 make an ~ to sb. for sth.

  apologize v. 道歉 ~ to sb. for sth.

  36. appeal v. 呼吁,恳求

  ~ to sb. to do sth.

  37. apply vt. 申请, 应用

  ~ (to sb.) for sth. 申请

  ~ sth. to (someplace) 应用

  application applicant

  38. appoint vt. 约定, 任命

  appointment n. 约会,约定(因工作需要)

  比较:date (男女约会)

  39. appreciate vt. 赏识, 鉴赏, 感激

  40. approach vt. 接近 n. 接近,方法, 步骤

  推荐阅读:

  2018年河南专升本英语单选模拟训练题

  河南专升本公共英语完型填空题破解方法



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