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专升本考试必备-英语词汇篇(一)

        在专升本考试中,英语是比较难的一个学科。下面小编就给大家整理了专升本考试必备英语词汇篇,请考生认真查看,在考试前一定要了解清楚,这样才会考出一个好成绩。

  assemble

  意 义:vi.集合,聚集;vt.集合,聚集,召集;装配

  构 词:as(到)+semble(一起)

  变 形:assembly n.集合,装配,集合,集结,汇编;

  形似词:resemble 像,类似

  搭 配:assemble the jury 召集陪审团

  assemble evidence/material 收集证据/材料

  assemble the parts of a watch 装配表的零件

  assembling shop 装配车间

  assemble a machine 组装一台机器

  assemble in the school garden 在校内集合

  辨析:gather (常用词)指“收集”、“聚集”、“集合在一起”

  collect 指“有计划、有选择地收集”

  assemble 指“为某一特定目的而收集”

  muster 特指“召集部队”或“为检阅、检查而召集”

  真 题:1.If the fire alarm is sounded, all residents are requested to _____in the courtyard.

  A)assemble B)converge C)crowd D)accumulate

  2.Everybody ________in the hall where they were welcomed by the secretary.

  A)assembled B)accumulated C)piled D)joined

  答案:1.A 2.A

  adopt

  意 义:vt.采纳,采用;采取(态度等;收养

  变 形:adoptable a.可采用的

  adoption n.采用,收养

  adoptive a.采用的,收养的

  adoptee n.被收养者

  adopter n.养父母

  搭 配:adopt a strong attitude 采取强硬态度

  adopt an idea 采纳意见

  adopt measures 采取措施

  adopt new methods 采用新方法

  adopt a child 收养孩子

  adopt the report 正式通过这篇报告

  adopt a resolution unanimously 一致通过一项决议

  辨 析:adopt 两词都有“采纳’、“采取”的意思。adopt 指采纳别人的意见、技术等。

  embrance embrance表示自愿地或急切地采纳或接受。

  真 题:The old couple decided to _____a boy and a girl though they had three children of their own.

  A)adapt B)bring C)receive D)adopt

  答案:D

  impress

  意 义:vt.给…..深刻的印象;铭记;印,压印

  构 词:im(里面)+press(压)

  变 形:impression n.印象,感想;印记,压痕

  impressive a.给人印象深刻的,感人的

  搭 配:impression of(about) 对….的印象

  impression on 给……留下的印象;

  make an impression on 给某人留下印象

  impress sb. with …. 以(因)….给某人留下印象

  impress….on sth. 给某物盖上…..(印)

  be impressed by(with) 对…..留下印象,惊叹

  真 题:What _____me most during my visit in your country was the friendship your people have for our people.

  A)depressed B)expressed C)oppressed D)impressed

  答案:D

  regard

  意 义:vt.把 看作,对待,认为 (as);尊重,尊敬

  n.致意,问候;方面;尊重,尊敬

  变 形:regardless 无论如何,不计后果的

  regarding 关于

  搭 配:without regard to 不考虑

  regard…..as……… 把….认为

  regardless of 不惜,不顾

  in/with regard to 关于,就…..而论

  give one’s regards 代某人向…..问好

  in the regard 在这点上,关于此事

  as regards 关于,至于

  辨 析:regard 强调从外表形象得到的认识

  consider 强调经过仔细考虑而认为

  真 题:1.Every man in this country has the right to live where he wants to, ____the color of his skin.

  A)with the exception of B)in the light of

  C)by virtue of D)regardless of

  2.The goal is to make higher education available to everyone who is willing and capable his financial situation

  A)with the respect to B)in accord with

  C)regardless of D)in terms of C

  3.After a few rounds of talks, both sides regarded the territory dispute_______.

  A)being settled B)to be settled

  C)had settled D)as settled D

  4.In that country, guest tend to feel they are not highly______if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date.

  A)admired B)regarded C)expected D)worshipped

  答案:1.D 2.C 3.D 4.B

  rise

  意 义:vi.升起,上升;起立,起床;上涨,增高,增加;反抗,起义

  n.上涨,增高,增加;兴起,(地位的)升高;岗,坡,高地

  搭 配:give rise to 引起,导致,为……的原因

  rise above 克服,不受……的影响

  rise to 起而应付,证明能够应付

  辨 析:arise 没有“上升”之意,多指“产生、发生和出现”,常用于抽象事物

  rise 使用范围广,既用于具体事物的“上升、增长”,又用于抽象事物的“上涨、发生”

  raise 与以上两词不同的是,此词是及物动词,表示把某具体事物抬起高处或提高某抽象事物(工资、地位等)

  真 题:1.Last year the advertising rate________by 20 percent.

  A)raised B)aroused C)arose D)rose

  2.Your improper words will give_________to doubts concerning your true intentions.

  A)rise B)reason C)suspicion D)impulse

  3.Our hopes ________and fell in same instant.

  A)arose B) raised C)rose D)aroused

  答案:1.D 2.A 3.C

  result

  意 义:n.结果,效果vi.导致,结果是(in);起因于,因 造成(from)

  搭 配:as a result 因此,结果

  in the result 作为结果,到后来

  with the result that 结果是,因此

  without result 毫无结果的

  as a result of 作为….的结果,由于

  result in 导致

  result from 因….而造成

  辨 析:result result可指一系列effects的最后结果或事故等的后果

  effect effect更常用于指某种原因的必然或直接结果

  真 题:1.A love marriage ,however,does not necessarily much sharing of interests and responsibilities.

  A)take over B)result in C)hold on D)keep to

  2.A complete investigation into the causes of the accident should lead to improved standards and should new operating procedures

  A)result in B)match with C)subject to D)proceed with

  答案:1.B 2.A

  view

  意 义:n.看法,见解,观点 ;观察,视域,眼界;景色,风景 vt.看待,考虑,估量;观察

  搭 配:in view of 鉴于,由于,考虑到

  view to 以……为目的,着眼于,关于

  with the view(或a) view of 以……为目的

  view....as.... 把.....看作

  on view 展示中,陈列着的

  with a view to (doing)sth 为了(做)某事

  in one's view/in the view of sb. 依某人看

  opposite/different view 相反的/不同的看法

  an view card 风景明信片

  air one's views 公开发表意见

  辨 析:view 强调个人分析、处理问题的观点、见解或态度。与opinion相比,view更为全面、系统、坚信不疑。

  opinion:指或多或少经过考虑得出的看法,但这种看法往往有初步的、不十分肯定的意味。

  真 题:1.Although I liked the appearance of the house ,what really made me decide to buy it was the beautiful ______through the windows.

  A)vision B)look C)picture D)view

  2.We gave out a cheer when the red roof of the cottage came_________view.

  A)from B)in C)before D)into

  3.In Britain,and on the Continent too,the Japanese are sometimes viewed______a threat to domestic industries.

  A)like B)with C)for D)as

  答案:1.D 2.D 3.D

  take

  搭 配:take after 与…相象

  take apart 拆开(机器等)

  take…as 把…理解为

  take away 拿走,夺去,使离去;减去

  take down 取下;记下;拆卸

  take for 认为,以为;误认为

  take on 接受;包含;领会;承担,从事;呈现,具有;开始雇佣

  take into account 把…考虑进去

  take issue with sb. 与某人争论

  take off 拿走;脱下(衣帽等);起飞

  take oneself off 走开,离去

  take up 拿起;着手处理;占去

  take sb. to task 责备某人,申斥某人

  take to 开始;对…产生好感;形成的习惯

  take up 占去,占据;开始从事

  take over 占据;接任(职位)

  take out 拿出;去掉;扣除;(通过申请等)取得,办理;(on)对….发泄

  take out loans 借贷

  take aback 使吃惊,使困惑

  take back 收回(说错的话);使回忆起

  take in 接受,接纳,吸收;包括;领会,理解;欺骗

  take effect 生效

  take turns 轮流

  take up with 与….成为朋友

  take out on 对….发泄

  真 题:1.The new appointment of our president ______from the very beginning of next semester.

  A) takes effect B) takes part C) takes place D) takes turns

  2.Frequently single-parent children ___some of the functions that the absent adult in the house would have served.

  A) take off B) take after C) take in D) take on

  3.Our son doesn’t know what to _____at the university; he can’t make up his mind about his future.

  A) take in B)take over C) take up D) take after

  I’d ______ his reputation with other farmers and business people in the community, and then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan.

  A) take into account B) account for C) make up for D) make out

  答案:1.A 2.D 3.B 4.A

  go

  搭 配:go back on 违背(诺言等); 毁(约)

  go for 竭力想取得,喜爱,适用于

  go in for 从事,致力,爱好;追求

  go into 研究,调查,进入

  go on 继续,发生;接近

  go through 经历,详细检查;完成

  go with 伴随,与…..协调;与…持同一看法

  go without 没有…… 也行

  on the go 很忙

  to go 剩下的,未完成的

  go against 反对;对….不利

  go after 追求/赶; 设法得到

  go about 着手做,处理,忙于

  go up 上升,增加,建起;(物价等)上涨

  go under 下沉,沉没;失败;破产

  go round/around 足够分配; (消息)流传

  go over 检查,审查;复习,重温

  go out 外出;熄灭;走出(房间等);罢工;公布,播出

  go out of one's way 特别费心(做事)

  go off 爆炸,发射;动身,离开;去世;

  go off with 拿去;抢走;拐走

  go down 下降,降低;被载入,传下去; (船等)下沉

  go by 过去

  go ahead 开始,前进;领先; 取得进展

  go at 攻击;着手/努力做

  go along 进行,进展;(with)赞同

  go into action 开始行动

  go together 相配;恋爱

  go by 走过,放过;依照

  go abroad 出国

  go out of one’s mind 变得神志不清

  真 题:The early pioneers had to _____ many hardships to settle on the new land.

  A) go along with B) go back on C) go through D) go into

  答案:C

  turn

  搭 配:turn away 走开;把脸转过去

  turn one's back on 不理睬

  turn out 生产;驱逐;翻转

  turn on 开,旋开(电灯等)

  turn off 关(水源等);拐弯

  turn into 进入;使变成,使成为

  turn in 转身进入;拐入;交出;上床睡觉

  turn down 关小,调低;拒绝

  turn sb's blood cold 使毛骨悚然

  turn against 对…采取敌对态度

  by turns 轮流,交替

  take turns 依次,轮流

  on the turn 正在转变中

  turn back (使)折回;(使)往回走

  turn around/round 转变,(使)转好

  in turn 依次,轮流;转而,反过来

  turn up 出现;找到;证明是

  turn to 变成;求助于;着手;查阅

  turn over (机器等)运转;翻过来;仔细考虑

  真 题:1.Let’s not wait any longer, he might not ___at all.

  A)turn over B)turn up C)turn on D)turn down

  2.The French pianist who had been praised very highly ____to be a great disappointment .

  A)turned up B)turned in C)turned out D)turned down

  3.This popular sports car is now being ____at the rate of a thousand a week.

  A)turned down B)turned out C)turned up D)turned on

  4.Faced with all the difficulties, the girl _____her mother for comfort.

  A)turned over B)turned form C)turned to D)turned up

  5.Under the present system, state enterprises must____ all profits to the government

  A) turn down B)turn up C)turn out D)turn in

  6.Everything we eat and drink contains some salt; we can meet the body’s need for it from natural sources without turning____ the salt bottle.

  A)to B)over C)on D)up

  答案:1.B 2.C 3.B 4.C 5.D 6.A

  put

  搭 配:put across/over 解释清楚;做成(交易)

  put up with 忍受,容忍(讨厌的人)

  put up 举起;安装;张贴;建造,搭起,支起;为….提供住宿;进行(抵抗);提高(价格);提名

  put to (船只顺避风等而)靠岸

  put through 使穿过;使从事;接通(电话),为…接通电话

  put out 熄灭;关(灯);出版;伸出;生产

  put on 穿上;上演;教唆;增加(体重)

  put off 推迟,拖延;阻碍

  put in 花费;正式提出

  put aside 储存,保留;把…放在一边,暂不考虑

  put forward 提出(要求、事实等)

  put down 记下;镇压;杀死

  put away 把…收起;储存,积攒

  put sb. out of job 使某人失业

  put one’s feeling into words 用语言表达感情

  真 题:1.Disneyland, every year, some 800,000plants are replaced because Disney refused to ____ signs asking his “guest” not to step on them.

  A) put down B) put out C) put up D) put off

  答案:C

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