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【20备考】河南专升本英语模拟练习day52

来源:http://www.kst365.com 发布时间:2020-05-14

1. The traffic on the main streets has a longer green signal than  ____  on the small ones.

A. one         B. this      C. that         D. it


2. His comprehensive surveys have provided the most ____ statements of how, and on what basis, data are collected.

A. explicit                B.ambiguous

C.original                D.arbitrary


3. In this article , you need to back up general statements with ____ examples.

A. specific                B. permanent         

C. abstract               D. universal


4. Listening is thus an active, not a    ,behavior consisting of hearing, understanding and remembering.

A. considerate            B. sensitive         

C. reliable                   D. passive


5. Anxiously, she took the dress out of the package and tried it on, only _____ it didn’t fit

A. to find                  B. found          

C. finding                 D. having found


答案及解析


1. The traffic on the main streets has a longer green signal than  _____  on the small ones.

A. one         B. this      C. that         D. it

【答案】C 

解析:that代替The traffic,其后有定语限制,常用that,不用one。

句意:主街道上的绿色交通信号灯保持的时间比小街道长。

that用作替代词主要用于替代“the+单数名词(可数或不可数)”,表特指。one用作替代词主要用于替代“the+单数名词”,表泛指。替代词that与代词it的用法不同,it主要指前面提到的“同一”事物,而that是指前面提到的“同类”事物。


2. His comprehensive surveys have provided the most ______ statements of how, and on what basis, data are collected.

A. explicit                B.ambiguous

C.original                D.arbitrary

【答案】A

解析:形容词explicit明晰的,清楚的;ambiguous模棱两可的,含糊不清的;original原始的,最初的;arbitrary任意的,专制的;

句意:对于如何以及在什么基础上收集数据,他的综合调查提供了最清晰的说明。故A正确。


3. In this article , you need to back up general statements with ______ examples.

A. specific                B. permanent         

C. abstract               D. universal

【答案】A

句意:在文章中,你需要用具体的例子来支持总的观点。A.具体,明确的;B.永久的;C.抽象的;D.全球的,共通的。故选A。


4. Listening is thus an active, not a        ,behavior consisting of hearing, understanding and remembering.

A. considerate            B. sensitive         

C. reliable                   D. passive

【答案】D

句意:因此听是一种主动的,而不是被动的行为。它包含听,理解和记忆。A. considerate意为考虑周全的, B. sensitive意为敏感的,C. reliable意为可靠的,D. passive意为被动的。根据not可以知道前后是反义表达,所以选D。

此句含有一个not a ____是插入语的句式,一个非谓语句式consisting of做后置定语。这是一个长句,去掉多余成分之后,它的主干句是Listening is an active behavior. 其中Thus是副词,作状语。And 连接三个相同结构hearing, understanding 和remembering .


5. Anxiously, she took the dress out of the package and tried it on, only _____ it didn’t fit

A. to find                  B. found          

C. finding                 D. having found

【答案】A

句意:她焦急地从包里拿出裙子试穿,结果却发现不合身。only +动词不定式,表示意想不到的结果。found是过去分词,常常表示被动和完成的含义;finding是现在分词,常常表示主动和进行;having found 是-ing的完成式,表示动作发生在先。

本题考查only to结构。1. only to do sth在句中做结果状语,一般用逗号和句子主干分开。它表示出乎句子主语意料之外的/不如人意的结果。


2. 该结果状语中还含有一个固定结构:感官动词(find) + 宾语it) + 宾语补足语(not fit).

3. 再如:1) Many reporters hurried to the airport, only to be told that the superstar had already left.很多记者匆忙赶到机场,结果只是被告知说那个超级明星已经离开了。

2)I returned home from work, only to find my house broken into.我下班后回到家中,结果只是发现我家被人破门而入了。



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