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河南专升本英语阅读部分【解题训练】1-3

来源:http://www.kst365.com 发布时间:2017-03-28

英语阅读理解3

Even if you are a good high-jumper, you can jump only about seven feet off the ground. You cannot jump any higher because the earth pulls you hard. The pull of the earth is called gravity.
    You can easily find out the pull of the earth. If you weigh yourself, you will know how much gravity is pulling you.
    Since there is gravity, water runs down hill. When you throw a ball into the air, it falls back down. Because of gravity, you do not fall off the earth as it whirls (旋转) around.
    Then, can we get away from the earth and go far out into space? Now you can do it, because spaceships have been invented. Then spaceship will go so fast that it can escape (逃出) the earth’s gravity and carry you into space.
1. In this passage, the word “gravity” means.
   A. the pull of everything.
   B. the force of attraction(吸引) among objects.
   C. the force which attracts objects towards the centre of the earth
   D. the force which attracts the earth towards the sun.
2. When you slip() you always fall to the ground because
   A. the earth always turns round.                   B. the earth has gravity
   C. the earth’s gravity is greater than your weight.     D. you are careless.
3. Gravity is strong that 
   A. it can throw a ball into the air.           B. it makes you jump only seven feet.
   C. it can let you fly away from the earth.     D. it can keep everything on earth.
4. Because of gravity,
   A. water flows everything.            B. we can go everywhere by ship.
   C. water always flows downwards.     D. fish can live in water.
5. We can get away from the earth by spaceship because
   A. the spaceship goes very fast.       B. the earth can’t pull the spaceship.
   C. the spaceship has a strong force.    D. the spaceship can jump higher than other things.
      An expensive car speeding down the main street of a small town was soon caught up with by a young motorcycle policeman. As he started to make out the ticket, the woman behind the wheel said proudly, “Before you go any further, young man, I think you should know that the mayor of this city is a good friend of mine.”The officer did not say a word, but kept writing. “I am also a friend of chief of police Barens,”continued the woman, getting more angry each moment, Still he kept on writing. “Young man,”she persisted, “I know Judge Lawson and State Senator (参议员) Patton.” Handing the ticket to the woman, the officer asked pleasantly , “Tell me, do you know Bill Bronson.”
    “Why, no,”she answered.
    “Well, that is the man you should have known,”he said, heading back to his motorcycle, “I an Bill Bronson.”
1. The policeman stopped the car because_____
   A. it was an expensive car
   B. the driver was a proud lady
   C. the driver was driving beyond the speed limit
   D. the driver was going to make trouble for the police
2. The woman was getting more angry each moment because _____.
A. the policeman didn’t know her friends 
B. the policeman didn’t accept her kindness
C. the policeman was going to punish her 
D. she didn’t know the policeman’s name
3. The policeman was _______.
   A. an honourable fellow    B. a stupid fellow 
   C. an impolite man        D. a shy man
4. The woman was _______.
   A. kind-hearted
   B. a person who depended on someone else to finish her work
   C. trying to frighten the policeman on the strength of her friends’ powerful positions
   D. introducing her good friends’ names to the young officer
5. The policeman _______.
   A. had no sense of humor (幽默)            B. had s sense of humor
   C. had no sense of duty                    D. was senseless
     Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission(录取) to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling.
    In 1849, after graduation from medical school. she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon(外科医师) , but a serious eye problem forced her to give up the idea.
    Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children Besides being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital , she also set up the first medical school for women.
1. Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?
   A. She couldn’t get admitted to medical school
   B. She decided to further her education in Paris
   C. A serious eye problem stopped her
   D. It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States
2. What main obstacle(障碍) almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming for a doctor?
   A. She was a woman.
   B. She wrote too many letters.
   C. She couldn’t graduate from medical school.
   D. She couldn’t set up her hospital.
3. How many years passed between her graduation from medical school and the opening of her hospital?
   A. Eight years    B. Ten years      C. Nineteen years           D. Thirty-six years 
4. According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blacekwell,
   except that she ______.
   A. became the first woman physician
   B. was the first woman doctor
   C. and several other women founded the first hospital for women and children
   D. set up the first medical school for women
5. Eilzabeth Blackwell spent most of her lift in _______.
   A. England       B. Paris      C. the United States      D. New York City

 

 

即使你是一个很好的跳高者,你只能跳下大约七英尺的地面。你不能跳得更高,因为地球拉你硬。地球的拉力称为重力。
    你可以很容易地找出地球的拉力。如果你衡量自己,你会知道引力是多么重要。
    由于有重力,水流下山。当你把球扔进空中时,它会倒下来。因为重力,你不会因为旋转旋转而离开地球。
    那么,我们可以远离地球,远离太空吗?现在你可以做到,因为宇宙飞船已经被发明了。那么宇宙飞船就会飞快的去逃避(逃出)地球的重力,并带你进入太空。
在这段话中,重力一词是指。
   一切的拉扯。
   对象之间的吸引力(吸引力)。
   C.吸引物体朝向地球中心
   的力量D.吸引地球朝向太阳的力量。
当你滑动(滑),你总是落在地上,因为
   A.地球总是转过来。B.地球有重力
   C.地球的重力大于你的体重。你不小心 
重力是强的,
   它可以把一个球投入空气。它让你只跳七尺。
   它可以让你远离地球。D.它可以保存地球上的一切。
4.由于重力,
   A.水流动一切。我们可以随时随地去船。
   水总是向下流动。鱼可以生活在水中。
我们可以通过太空船离开地球,因为
   A.宇宙飞船变得非常快。地球不能拉飞船。
   太空船有很强的力量。太空飞船可以比别的东西跳得更高。

6,(1分)
    一辆昂贵的汽车在一个小镇的主要街道上加速,很快被一名年轻的摩托车警察赶上。当他开始出门时,轮子后面的女人自豪地说:在你进一步之前,年轻人,我想你应该知道这个城市的市长是我的好朋友。官员没有说一句话,但保持写作。我也是巴伦斯警察局长的朋友,女人继续说,每一刻都更生气,还在继续写道。年轻的男人,她坚持说,我知道Lawson法官和参议员Patton把票交给女人,那位官员愉快地问道,告诉我,你知道Bill Bronson” 
    “为什么,没有,她回答。
    “那么你应该知道的那个人,他说,回到摩托车上,我是一个比尔布朗森,” 
1.警察停了车,因为_____ 
   A.这是一辆昂贵的汽车
   B.司机是骄傲的女士
   C.司机驾驶超越限速
   D.司机将为警察打麻烦
2.女人因为_____而变得更生气。
A.警察不认识她的朋友
B.警察不接受她的善意
C.警察要惩罚她
D.她不知道警察的名字
3.警察是_______
   A.一个光荣的家伙B.一个愚蠢的家伙
   C.一个不礼貌的人D.一个害羞的男人
4.女人是_______
   A.善良
   B.一个依靠别人完成工作的人
   C.试图以朋友的强大地位强奸警察
   D.向年轻人介绍她的好朋友的名字
5.警察_______ 
   A.没有幽默感(幽默)B.有幽默感
   C.没有责任感D.没有意义

7,(1分)
    伊丽莎白·布莱克威尔1821年出生于英国,十岁时搬到纽约市。有一天她决定要成为一名医生。这对于十九世纪中叶的一个女人来说几乎是不可能的。在写了许多要求录取的信件(录取)到医学院后,她终于被费城医生接受了。她如此坚定,她教学校,并提供音乐课程,以获得学费的成本。
    1849年毕业于医学院。她决定继续在巴黎进行教育。她想成为一名外科医生,但严重的眼睛问题迫使她放弃这个想法。
    回到美国后,她觉得很难自己开始练习,因为她是一个女人。到1857年,伊丽莎白和她的妹妹,还有一名医生,还有另一名女医生,设法开了一家新医院,第一个为妇女和儿童。除了是第一位女医生,并成立了自己的医院,她还成立了第一所医学院女用。
为什么伊丽莎白·布莱克威尔不能意识到自己成为外科医生的梦想?
   A.她无法入读医学院
   B.她决定在巴黎
   C 进一步接受教育。严重的眼睛问题阻止了她
   D.她很难在美国开始练习
2.主要障碍(障碍)几乎破坏了伊丽莎白去成为医生的机会?
   她是一个女人。
   她写了太多的信件。
   她不能从医学院毕业。
   她不能成立医院。
她毕业于医学院和她医院开了几年?
   A.八年B.十年C.十九年D.三十六年
4.根据这段经文,以下所有的都是伊丽莎白·布拉舍克维尔生活中的第一
   但她______
   A.成为第一位女医师
   B.是第一位女医生
   C.和其他几名妇女成立了第一所妇女和儿童医院
   D.成立了第一所妇女
医学院.Eilzabeth Blackwell将她大部分的电梯都用在_______中。
   A.英格兰B.巴黎C.美国D.纽约市


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