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河南专升本英语翻译改错【介词词组】1-3

来源:http://www.kst365.com 发布时间:2017-03-28

改错一练

答题步骤:
1、一般来说,做题时千万不要拿起来就改。先花一、两分钟从头到尾通读全文,对文章大致内容有所了解,做到心中有数。
2、然后把重点放在有错误项的标题号行,寻找较容易辩认的语法错误,如主谓不一致、时态、语态使用错误、非谓语动词错误等等。
3、如果错行中不存在上述明显错误,则应查看是否有词语搭配错误,易混词错误、词性错误等等细节错误。
4、如果错行中既不存在语法错误,也不存在词汇错误,则从整体上查看上下文意思是否连贯,连接词是否使用正确,是否有逻辑混乱的现象,如否定句误用成肯定句造成句意不通等。注意:有时没有错项的行对改错很有帮助。
5、找到错误项之后,按要求形式进行改正、删去或增添,并设法找到一个正确项使句子在语法、语义和逻辑上都成立。

    From a very early age, perhaps the age of five or six, I knew that when I grew up I should be a writer. Between the ages of about seventeen and twenty-four I tried to abandon this idea, but I did so with the consciousness that I was outraging my true nature and that sooner or later I should have to settle down and write books.

  I was the middle child of three, but there was a gap of five years on either side, and I barely saw my father before I was eight. For this and other reasons I was somewhat lonely, and I soon developed disagreeable mannerisms which made me unpopular throughout my schooldays. I had the lonely child's habit of making up stories and holding conversations with imaginary persons, and I think from the very start my literary ambitions were mixed up with the feeling of being isolated and undervalued. I knew that I had a facility with words and a power of facing unpleasant facts, and I felt that this created a sort of private world in which I could get my own back for my failure in everyday life. Nevertheless the volume of serious — i.e. seriously intended — writing which I produced all through my childhood and boyhood would not amount to half a dozen pages. I wrote my first poem at the age of four or five, my mother taking it down to dictation.

 

 

1. grew 后加 up 

2. conscience 改成 consciousness

3. soon 改成 sooner

4. the 去掉

5. disagreeing 改成 disagreeable

6. imaginative 改成 imaginary

 7. literal 改成 literary

8. in 去掉

9. 9. which 前加 in

10. 10. Therefore, 改成 Nevertheless

 

The central problem of translating has always been whether to translate literally or freely.The argument has been going since at least the first (1) ______ 
  century B.C.Up to the beginning of the 19th century, many writers 
  favoured certain kind of “free” translation: the spirit, not the letter; the (2) _______ 
  sense not the word; the message rather the form; the matter not (3) _______ 
  the manner.This is the often revolutionary slogan of writers who (4) _______ 
  wanted the truth to be read and understood.Then in the turn of 19th (5) _______ 
  century, when the study of cultural anthropology suggested that 
  the linguistic barriers were insuperable and that the language (6) _______ 
  was entirely the product of culture, the view translation was impossible (7) _______ 
  gained some currency, and with it that, if was attempted at all, it must be as (8) _______ 
  literal as possible.This view culminated the statement of the (9) _______ 
  extreme “literalists” Walter Benjamin and Vladimir Nobokov. 
  The argument was theoretical: the purpose of the translation, the 
  nature of the readership, the type of the text, was not discussed.Too 
  often, writer, translator and reader were implicitly identified with 
  each other.Now, the context has changed, and the basic problem remains. (10) _____ 
 
  

1.going后加on
  2.certain改为a certain
  3.rather改为not
  4.is 改为was
  5.in 改为 at
  6.去掉第二个the
  7.view后面加that
  8.去掉 was
  9.culminated后面加in
  10.and 改为but

 

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